Image Matching using SIFT Features and Relaxation Labeling Technique – A Constraint Initializing Method for Dense Stereo Matching,

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Ieee Transactions On Geoscience And Remote Sensing
Publishing Date
5643 - 5652
  • Abstract

A probabilistic neural-network-based feature-matching algorithm for a stereo image pair is presented in this paper, which will be useful as a constraint initializing method for further dense matching technique. In this approach, scale-invariant feature transform (SIFT) features are used to detect interest points in a stereo image pair. The descriptor which is associated with each keypoint is based on the histogram of the gradient magnitude and direction of gradients. These descriptors are the preliminary input for the matching algorithm. Using disparity range computed by visual inspection, the search area can be restricted for a given stereo image pair. Reduced search area improves the computation speed. Initial probabilities of matches are assigned to the keypoints which are considered as probable matches from the selected search area by Bayesian reasoning. The probabilities of all such matches are improved iteratively using relaxation labeling technique. Neighboring probable matches are exploited to improve the probability of best match using consistency measures. Confidence measures considering the neighborhood, unicity, and symmetry are some validation techniques which are built into the technique presented here for finding accurate matches. The algorithm is found to be effective in matching SIFT features detected in a stereo image pair with greater accuracy, and these accurate correspondences can be used in finding the fundamental matrix which encodes the epipolar geometry between the given stereo image pair. This fundamental matrix can then be used as a constraint for finding inliers that are used in matching methods for deriving dense disparity map.