Dense Stereo Matching Based on Multiobjective Fitness Function—A Genetic Algorithm Optimization Approach for Stereo Correspondence,

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Ieee Transactions On Geoscience And Remote Sensing
Publishing Date
3341 - 3353
  • Abstract

Dense stereo image matching in remotely sensed images is a challenging problem, though it has been studied for more than two decades, due to occlusions, discontinuities, geometric, and radiometric distortions. A novel multiobjective fitness function-based dense stereo matching approach using genetic algorithms (GAs) is proposed in this paper. The proposed method is useful for estimating dense disparity map with an improved number of inliers for a stereo image pair, despite the constraint of finding correct disparity at depth discontinuities. In this paper, the steps of GA, such as initialization of the population, fitness function, and crossover and mutation operation, are designed and implemented to effectively deal with the problem of dense stereo image matching. To initialize the population, a Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) descriptor is computed for each pixel and multiple-size window-based matching is performed, using the similarity measures: 1) Euclidean distance and 2) spectral angle mapper. The generated disparity maps are pruned to choose a suitable subset using the designed fitness functions, considering the constraints related to stereo image pair, such as epipolar constraint, which encodes the epipolar geometry and the similarity measure that is useful to decide accuracy of the correspondences. The two objective functions are the number of inliers computed using the fundamental matrix and an energy minimization function, considering discontinuities and occlusions. The usefulness of this approach for remotely sensed stereo image pairs is demonstrated by improving the number of inliers and favorably comparing with state-of-the-art dense stereo image matching methods.